Swine Disease Global Surveillance Project

Center for Animal Health and Food Safety has partnered with the University of Minnesota Swine Group and the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) to develop and implement a system for near real time global surveillance of swine diseases. The output of the system is the identification of hazards that are subsequently scored using a step-wise procedure of screening, to identify hazards that, potentially, may represent a risk for the US.

Spontaneous reporting tool

Reports

 

Monday, June 3 - Monday, July 1, 2019

Report highlights: 

  • First ASF outbreak reported in Laos: On June 20, Laos’ authorities reported the first seven outbreaks of ASF in the southern province of Saravane.
  • Largest outbreak of ASF in Vietnam: On June 25, authorities of Dong Nai province released a statement reporting an outbreak in the largest farm (18,000 pigs) since the start of the epidemic.
  • USDA launched Feral pig Eradication and Control pilot program: USDA is offering $75 million in funding for the eradication and control of feral swine through the Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program (FSCP) in a joint effort between USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).

Monday, May 6 - Monday, June 3, 2019

Monday, May 6 - Monday, June 3, 2019

Report highlights: 

  • First African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Hong Kong: the first two outbreaks were detected at slaughterhouses in animals imported from mainland China. These led to the culling of more than 10,500 pigs, impacting heavily in the local supply chain. China has suspended all live pig supplies to Hong Kong for the time being.
  • First ASF outbreak in North Korea: authorities reported the first outbreak of ASF at a cooperative farm in Usi county, in the westernmost Changang Province. The Province is less than 10 miles from the border with the Chinese province of Liaoning.
  • 87th general session World Assembly OIE - highlights on Global Control of ASF: a global approach to ASF control was presented during the assembly, which will be based on an internationally agreed framework intended to harmonize regional and national strategies. The GF-TADs, with strong support from FAO and OIE, offer the ideal global forums to discuss holistic approach for it.
  • USDA launches ASF surveillance program: USDA will start testing for ASF samples currently included in the classical swine fever (CSF) surveillance program.
  • Nipah virus outbreak in India: on June 5, public health authorities in the southern Indian state of Kerala confirmed the virus has resurfaced, nearly a year after the last outbreak that claimed 17 lives.

Monday, April 1 - Monday, May 6, 2019

Monday, April 1 - Monday, May 6, 2019

In the May report the first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Cambodia is detailed as well as the continuing expansion in China where all geographical regions have now been impacted by the disease. Notes on USDA’s action to license an ASF vaccine are included in the report as well as a summary of an Aujeszky’s disease outbreak in France. Classical swine fever presence and spread in Brazil and Japan are also discussed.

Monday, March 4 - Monday, April 1, 2019

Monday, March 4 - Monday, April 1, 2019

The March-April report provides details on further African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks in Vietnam as well as disease status in China, Europe, and Moldova. The report also features a fresh risk analysis of the potential for ASF to be introduced in the US through pork smuggled in air passengers’ luggage, in addition to details on USDA seizure of 1 million pounds of contraband Chinese pork in New Jersey. Finally, the report includes information on foot-and-mouth disease in North and South Korea.

Monday, February 4 - Monday, March 4, 2019

Monday, February 4 - Monday, March 4, 2019

African swine fever cases continue to be reported in Vietnam. On February 28, Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture said ASF had been detected in 96 households/farms, across 33 villages, 20 communes, 13 districts of six provinces and cities. Most of Vietnam’s pigs are raised in communes rather than large enterprises. Because larger farms are becoming more common in the country, the risk of ASF affecting them is significant. A total of six provinces have reported more than 33 outbreaks: Hung Yen, Thai Binh, Hai Phong, Thanh Hoa, Hanoi and Ha Nam. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development instructed authorities to cull all pigs on these premises along with general cleansing, plus establishing a quarantine of the outbreak area. The quarantine includes movement restrictions and testing neighboring farms.

Tuesday, February 19, 2019 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Tuesday, February 19, 2019 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

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Although it has not been officially reported to the OIE, the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) Animal Health Department released a communication confirming that ASF has been detected in two provinces in northern Vietnam, Hung Yen and Thai Binh, southeast of the capital city of Hanoi and at approximately 100 miles (160 km) from the Chinese border. Eight outbreaks have been reported, and all pigs in the affected farms have been culled. Neighboring farms are being tested as well. Local authorities initiated general measures to contain the outbreaks and disinfect the area through quarantine and restrictions of animal movements, but, so far, the total number of cases is still uncertain.

Monday, January 7 - Monday February 4, 2019

Monday, January 7 - Monday February 4, 2019

Report highlights:

  • First PED outbreak in Alberta, Canada.
  • First FMD outbreak reported in South Korea and Morocco since March 2018 and November 2015, respectively.
  • FMD outbreak in South Africa’s FMD-free zone.
  • First ASF outbreak in Mongolian north-central region.

Monday, January 16, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Monday, January 16, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Report highlights:

  • China reports the first ASF outbreaks in Gansu and Ningxia provinces
  • Multiple detections of ASF in products smuggled into Australia
  • FMD outbreak in South Africa’s FMD free zone

Monday, December 3, 2018 - Monday, January 7, 2019

Monday, December 3, 2018 - Monday, January 7, 2019

Report highlights:

  • Heilongjiang province reported the largest infected farm since the start of the epidemic in China
  • Carcass positive for African swine fever (ASF) found on Taiwan shore
  • The largest outbreak of CSF in a Japanese farm since its recurrence in last September reported
  • ASF outbreak outside the control zone in Belgium reported, close to the border of France

Monday, December 17, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Monday, December 17, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

In the December mid-month report, a collection of observations and lessons learned from African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks in China and Europe are shared. In addition, recommendations for US producers to follow to continue to prevent the entry of the virus in this country are detailed. ASF continues to spread in China with Qinghai province reporting their first cases of the virus. It appears the spread in Romania and Poland has slowed. Earlier this month, both China’s General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as well as the Global ASF Research Alliance released analyses and reports on the issues surrounding the spread of the virus. The mid-month report includes a summary of each.

Monday, November 5 - Monday, December 3, 2018

Monday, November 5 - Monday, December 3, 2018

November was another challenging month for the Chinese authorities and swine industry, as we saw a significant expansion of the African swine fever (ASF) epidemic, continuing its southward spread into six new provinces (being reported in a total of 20 of 34 provinces since August), including Sichuan and the country capital, Beijing. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) also published three reports updating the ASF epidemiological situation in their region. In these reports, experts have assessed the effectiveness of wild boar control measures in the region including intensive hunting around the buffer area, quick and safe carcass removal, and fencing. In addition, Japan reported the second outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF) on a farm in Gifu prefecture since last September, when the first case of the disease since its eradication (2007) was reported by the country. Several cases in wild boar were reported as follow ups in these last three months.

Monday, November 19, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Monday, November 19, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Despite banning interprovincial imports of live hogs and hog products earlier this month, African swine fever has been found in Sichuan province in China, one of that nation’s top pork producing regions, in Yibin City. In addition to Sichuan province, ASF was also identified for the first time in Jiangxi, Fujian, and Hubei provinces since our last report. And the first case of ASF in a wild boar in China was identified in Jilin province in northeastern area of China which significantly increases concerns about control strategies’ effectiveness. This bi-monthly report also contains information on a report of ASF feed contamination coming from China this month.

Monday, October 1 - Monday, November 5, 2018

Monday, October 1 - Monday, November 5, 2018

The most significant event this month was the identification of African swine fever positive farms in southern China. The report of infected farms in Yunnan Province suggests a substantial spread of the disease within China, and an increased risk for neighboring countries, particularly Vietnam, Myanmar, and Laos, which share a porous border with this province. In Colombia, outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease were reported after being declared free with vaccination in 2017. Initially it was observed in cattle, however later on other outbreaks were reported in the northern area of the country in cattle, swine farms, and backyard pigs. The region has good vaccination coverage for cattle, however not for pigs, making the mitigation process challenging. Also in early October, Brazil reported an outbreak of classical swine fever outside the Free-Zone, in the state of Ceará (northeastern area of the country), identified through passive surveillance. Later on, an active surveillance plan identified other outbreaks in the surrounding districts. The current epidemiological investigation is focused in eliminating infection from the region, aiming to control the spread of the disease.

Tuesday, October 16, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Tuesday, October 16, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Lately there have been no new reports of outbreaks of ASF in new countries, however, Romania, Moldova, Belgium, and China are still being challenged to contain the epidemic. In Europe, wild boars have a main role in the spread of the disease throughout territories, however, in China it was not yet reported in wild animals – only in backyard and farm animals.

Monday, September 3 - Monday, October 1, 2018

Monday, September 3 - Monday, October 1, 2018

Emerging diseases continue to be monitored. The European Union (EU) pig industry discussed measures to contain current African swine fever (ASF) cases in Belgium and eastern Europe. Countries such as South Korea, China, Taiwan, Belarus, Mexico, the Philippines, Japan, South Africa, Serbia, Singapore, Uruguay, Australia, and Malaysia have restricted pork imports from infected regions, whereas Ukraine, China, South Korea, Belarus, and Serbia have temporarily banned the purchase of swine feed from Belgium. Some EU countries, such as France, The Netherlands, and Ireland, are pushing for stricter measures to prevent ASF spread into new countries.

Monday, September 17, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Monday, September 17, 2018 | Bi-Monthly Update

Update on the ASF global situation

On September 14th, the OIE official report of the 1st ASF case in Belgium was released, confirming our previous report. On Saturday, 15th, the Federal Agriculture minister confirmed three new cases in the same area of the initial report, identified in wild boars found dead in the city of Etalle (Luxembourg province), near the border with France.

Thursday, September 14, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Thursday, September 14, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African Swine fever confirmed in Belgium

Although it has not been officially reported to the OIE yet, preliminary reports indicate that ASF has been confirmed in two wild boars near the southern village of Étalle, in the province of Luxembourg, which is located 8 miles (12 km) from the border with France and 11 miles (17 km) from Luxembourg. The Belgian authorities report they are working to prevent the possible spread of the disease among wild boar and onto pig farms.

Sunday, September 9, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Sunday, September 9, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Classical Swine fever reported in Japan 26 years after last outbreak

Wednesday, August 1, 2018 - Monday, September 3, 2018

Wednesday, August 1, 2018 - Monday, September 3, 2018

August was a challenging month to the swine industry, as we saw a growing number of new outbreaks of African swine fever, including its expansion to Asia with China reporting its first case. Also, the continued westward spread was observed with Bulgaria reporting its first case, while Romania is struggling to control the epidemic. Only China and Romania together have officially reported culling 180,000 pigs during this month. Of particular significance, South Korea first identified the virus being transported out of China in pork products. Though the virus was probably dead due to cooking, it increases attention on the likelihood of such transport on airlines is only expanding as the outbreak widens. The current situation creates an alert to the international trade of pork, and many countries are revising their commercial agreements with affected countries.

Disclaimer: It is expected that this trend of ASF outbreaks will continue, thus we will no longer release announcements of individual outbreaks. Updates will be released if something pertinent to the US pork producers occurs. Compiled summaries will be released every other week.

Thursday, August 30, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Thursday, August 30, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African swine fever has been found again in China, this time in Nanling county, part of the city of Wuhu in China’s Anhui province. Located directly west of Shanghai, it is the fifth province reported to be affected by the disease in the last month. One farm with 459 pigs was found to be infected, with 80 killed by the virus and the other 379 destroyed. Further control measures are being put in place in the surrounding area.

Thursday, August 23, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Thursday, August 23, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African swine fever (ASF) has moved south again in China. This time it has been found in Yueqing City, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 500 miles further along the Pacific seaboard from the last reported case in Lianyungang, Jiangsu. Three farms in a breeding community had 430 pigs affected with 340 of those dying of the disease. Standard procedures of establishing perimeters, culling, and restricting movement have been put in place. It is unclear how this disease is moving through the country.

Monday, August 20, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Monday, August 20, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

A third case of ASF has been reported in a farm in the in Haizhou District, part of the city of Lianyungang, in the Jiangsu Province. This area is approximately 350 miles east of the 2nd case, reported last Thursday at a slaughter plant in the city of Zhengzhou, Henan province. The three cases now reported in three provinces, and a 4th northern province related to the second event, providing pigs that were infected by delivery to the plant in Zhengzhou. These reported incidents have occurred over a large swath of China, containing tens of millions of pigs

Thursday, August 16, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Thursday, August 16, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

There is now a second case of African swine fever (ASF) in China. It was found in a slaughterhouse where 30 pigs died of ASF. The slaughterhouse is located in the city of Zhengzhou in the Henan province. The pigs came from Tangyuan district of the city of Jiamusi, in the Heilongjiang province, over 500 miles to northeast of the first reported herd, which was detected approximately two weeks ago.

Friday, August 3, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Friday, August 3, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

The first case of African Swine Fever (ASF) has today been reported in China. First identified on August 1st, the outbreak was located in the northeast, in the city Shenyang, district of Shenbei New, in the province Liaoning, swine dense area 130 miles (208km) of the North Korean border. Infection on a small farm with a herd of 383 pigs, where 47 pigs died from the disease, was confirmed by China Animal Health and Epidemiolology Center on Friday August 3rd, 11am, local time.

Read the press release on The Transmission.

Monday, May 28, 2018 - Sunday, June 25, 2018

Monday, May 28, 2018 - Sunday, June 25, 2018

  • The Global Swine Disease Surveillance System reports monthly the three tier-1 foreign swine diseases (ASF, CSF, FMD), and other relevant diseases, such as: Porcine Rotavirus, Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1)).
  • The reported events are scored according to the criteria: the novelty of the disease, effect on the swine industry, and impact on international trade.
  • NEW: This month report includes the first Special summary. These specials will summarize the epidemiological situation of a specific disease, facilitating the interpretation of the information provided in the monthly reports.

Eastern Europe continues to see the further establishment of African Swine Fever. Border areas are a particular concern. Romani has seen a new occurrence in backyard swine that is across the country from previous outbreaks, but adjacent to Ukraine, a country that has had difficulty controlling the disease. Many countries are considering the construction of fences, with Denmark recently approving a 44-mile fence along its border with Germany

Monday, April 23, 2018 - Monday, May 28, 2018

Monday, April 23, 2018 - Monday, May 28, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
  • The global swine disease surveillance system was initially tested for the three tier-1 foreign swine diseases (ASF, CSF, FMD). Since last month it was expanded to other relevant diseases of swine (such us: porcine rotavirus, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1)). No relevant news item was identified for any of those diseases this month. 

This past month didn't show any significance change of status concerning ASF in the EU, while a new outbreak was reported in a farm in South Africa. The last outbreak was reported in 2016, and this one followed a recent Listeriosis outbreak that challenged the local/regional pork industry (LINK WHO report). The OIE report detailed that the ASF outbreak was outside the country's ASF control zone, but coordinates are protected by the confidentiality of the local legislation.

Sunday, March 18, 2018 - Monday, April 23, 2018

Sunday, March 18, 2018 - Monday, April 23, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
  • Effective this month, we started doing searches for porcine rotavirus, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1). However, no relevant news item was identified for any of those diseases and we are still in the process of optimizing the searches for those pathogens.

April saw the addition of Hungary as the seventh country in the EU now with African Swine Fever. It was found in a wild boar that was a considerable distance from known infected populations. Local authorities report that the disease was probably introduced through infected food waste. Pig prices have plunged as external markets; including Serbia, Japan and South Korea have stopped importations on pigs and pork products.

Monday, February 12, 2018 - Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Monday, February 12, 2018 - Wednesday, March 28, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

This past month saw some more activity of FMD in China and Korea. In both countries, there is extensive vaccination for the disease, but the efficacy of the vaccine and the compliance to the vaccination regime can vary widely. The Korean outbreak was the first farm affected in Korea since Feb, 2017. Though China reports sporadic cases, a case where a herd 1200 sheep affected in the Henan province of China raises additional concerns. Henan is a swine dense province, and this level of disease may have negative effects on the large producers in the area.

Saturday, January 15, 2018 - Sunday, February 11, 2018

Saturday, January 15, 2018 - Sunday, February 11, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

This month the focus continues to be on Poland and the Czech Republic. There has been an upsurge in diagnoses of African Swine Fever in wild boars, especially in the area surrounding Warsaw. This, in turn, has heightened concerns not only in those countries but also neighboring countries. Germany acutely recognizes this threat, particularly the economic impact of introduction. They are reducing wild boar populations, investing in border fences, reexamining transport protocols and educating the public on responsible disposal of food waste.

Monday, December 18, 2017 - Sunday, January 14, 2018

Monday, December 18, 2017 - Sunday, January 14, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

The current concern continues to focus on African swine fever in Poland and surrounding countries. Infected wild boars continue to be identified in the vicinity surrounding Warsaw, and the possibility of spread of the disease to the pig intensive area of eastern Poland continues to be a concern. Countries in the region are using a combination of increased hunting of wild boar along with boar proof fencing along borders to attempt to control the spread of the disease.

Monday, Nov 20 2017 - Sunday, December 17, 2017

Monday, Nov 20 2017 - Sunday, December 17, 2017

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

African Swine Fever continues to be a major concern in Eastern Europe and Russia. Forty new cases have been found in wild boar around Warsaw, Poland, the furthest west that this disease has been seen in Poland. This has heightened concern of onward transmission to large commercial farms in western Poland and even East Germany.

Sunday, November 5, 2017 - Sunday, November 19, 2017

Sunday, November 5, 2017 - Sunday, November 19, 2017

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Two areas of concern show up in this month’s reports. The first is an outbreak of ASF in Belarus. Though reported in the press, there has been no official report of the disease in the interim. The lack of reporting often reflects a reluctance to put control measures in place. The second is a large outbreak in the Tyumen region of Russia. Outbreaks in Siberia have the added concern of moving within the region towards the pig dense areas in China. The borders of in this region across Russia, Khazakstan, Mongolia and China are uncontrolled in many areas.

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