Swine Disease Global Surveillance Program

Center for Animal Health and Food Safety has partnered with the University of Minnesota Swine Group and the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) to develop and implement a system for near real time global surveillance of swine diseases. The output of the system is the identification of hazards that are subsequently scored using a step-wise procedure of screening, to identify hazards that, potentially, may represent a risk for the US.

Spontaneous reporting tool

Reports

Thursday, September 14, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African Swine fever confirmed in Belgium

Although it has not been officially reported to the OIE yet, preliminary reports indicate that ASF has been confirmed in two wild boars near the southern village of Étalle, in the province of Luxembourg, which is located 8 miles (12 km) from the border with France and 11 miles (17 km) from Luxembourg. The Belgian authorities report they are working to prevent the possible spread of the disease among wild boar and onto pig farms.


Sunday, September 9, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Classical Swine fever reported in Japan 26 years after last outbreak


Wednesday, August 1, 2018 - Monday, September 3, 2018

August was a challenging month to the swine industry, as we saw a growing number of new outbreaks of African swine fever, including its expansion to Asia with China reporting its first case. Also, the continued westward spread was observed with Bulgaria reporting its first case, while Romania is struggling to control the epidemic. Only China and Romania together have officially reported culling 180,000 pigs during this month. Of particular significance, South Korea first identified the virus being transported out of China in pork products. Though the virus was probably dead due to cooking, it increases attention on the likelihood of such transport on airlines is only expanding as the outbreak widens. The current situation creates an alert to the international trade of pork, and many countries are revising their commercial agreements with affected countries.

Disclaimer: It is expected that this trend of ASF outbreaks will continue, thus we will no longer release announcements of individual outbreaks. Updates will be released if something pertinent to the US pork producers occurs. Compiled summaries will be released every other week.


Thursday, August 30, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African swine fever has been found again in China, this time in Nanling county, part of the city of Wuhu in China’s Anhui province. Located directly west of Shanghai, it is the fifth province reported to be affected by the disease in the last month. One farm with 459 pigs was found to be infected, with 80 killed by the virus and the other 379 destroyed. Further control measures are being put in place in the surrounding area.


Thursday, August 23, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

African swine fever (ASF) has moved south again in China. This time it has been found in Yueqing City, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 500 miles further along the Pacific seaboard from the last reported case in Lianyungang, Jiangsu. Three farms in a breeding community had 430 pigs affected with 340 of those dying of the disease. Standard procedures of establishing perimeters, culling, and restricting movement have been put in place. It is unclear how this disease is moving through the country.


Monday, August 20, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

A third case of ASF has been reported in a farm in the in Haizhou District, part of the city of Lianyungang, in the Jiangsu Province. This area is approximately 350 miles east of the 2nd case, reported last Thursday at a slaughter plant in the city of Zhengzhou, Henan province. The three cases now reported in three provinces, and a 4th northern province related to the second event, providing pigs that were infected by delivery to the plant in Zhengzhou. These reported incidents have occurred over a large swath of China, containing tens of millions of pigs


Thursday, August 16, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

There is now a second case of African swine fever (ASF) in China. It was found in a slaughterhouse where 30 pigs died of ASF. The slaughterhouse is located in the city of Zhengzhou in the Henan province. The pigs came from Tangyuan district of the city of Jiamusi, in the Heilongjiang province, over 500 miles to northeast of the first reported herd, which was detected approximately two weeks ago.


Friday, August 3, 2018 | SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

The first case of African Swine Fever (ASF) has today been reported in China. First identified on August 1st, the outbreak was located in the northeast, in the city Shenyang, district of Shenbei New, in the province Liaoning, swine dense area 130 miles (208km) of the North Korean border. Infection on a small farm with a herd of 383 pigs, where 47 pigs died from the disease, was confirmed by China Animal Health and Epidemiolology Center on Friday August 3rd, 11am, local time.

Read the press release on The Transmission.


Monday, May 28, 2018 - Sunday, June 25, 2018

  • The Global Swine Disease Surveillance System reports monthly the three tier-1 foreign swine diseases (ASF, CSF, FMD), and other relevant diseases, such as: Porcine Rotavirus, Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1)).
  • The reported events are scored according to the criteria: the novelty of the disease, effect on the swine industry, and impact on international trade.
  • NEW: This month report includes the first Special summary. These specials will summarize the epidemiological situation of a specific disease, facilitating the interpretation of the information provided in the monthly reports.

Eastern Europe continues to see the further establishment of African Swine Fever. Border areas are a particular concern. Romani has seen a new occurrence in backyard swine that is across the country from previous outbreaks, but adjacent to Ukraine, a country that has had difficulty controlling the disease. Many countries are considering the construction of fences, with Denmark recently approving a 44-mile fence along its border with Germany


Monday, April 23, 2018 - Monday, May 28, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
  • The global swine disease surveillance system was initially tested for the three tier-1 foreign swine diseases (ASF, CSF, FMD). Since last month it was expanded to other relevant diseases of swine (such us: porcine rotavirus, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1)). No relevant news item was identified for any of those diseases this month. 

This past month didn't show any significance change of status concerning ASF in the EU, while a new outbreak was reported in a farm in South Africa. The last outbreak was reported in 2016, and this one followed a recent Listeriosis outbreak that challenged the local/regional pork industry (LINK WHO report). The OIE report detailed that the ASF outbreak was outside the country's ASF control zone, but coordinates are protected by the confidentiality of the local legislation.


Sunday, March 18, 2018 - Monday, April 23, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
  • Effective this month, we started doing searches for porcine rotavirus, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and Aujeszky's disease/pseudorabies (Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1). However, no relevant news item was identified for any of those diseases and we are still in the process of optimizing the searches for those pathogens.

April saw the addition of Hungary as the seventh country in the EU now with African Swine Fever. It was found in a wild boar that was a considerable distance from known infected populations. Local authorities report that the disease was probably introduced through infected food waste. Pig prices have plunged as external markets; including Serbia, Japan and South Korea have stopped importations on pigs and pork products.


Monday, February 12, 2018 - Wednesday, March 28, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

This past month saw some more activity of FMD in China and Korea. In both countries, there is extensive vaccination for the disease, but the efficacy of the vaccine and the compliance to the vaccination regime can vary widely. The Korean outbreak was the first farm affected in Korea since Feb, 2017. Though China reports sporadic cases, a case where a herd 1200 sheep affected in the Henan province of China raises additional concerns. Henan is a swine dense province, and this level of disease may have negative effects on the large producers in the area.


Saturday, January 15, 2018 - Sunday, February 11, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

This month the focus continues to be on Poland and the Czech Republic. There has been an upsurge in diagnoses of African Swine Fever in wild boars, especially in the area surrounding Warsaw. This, in turn, has heightened concerns not only in those countries but also neighboring countries. Germany acutely recognizes this threat, particularly the economic impact of introduction. They are reducing wild boar populations, investing in border fences, reexamining transport protocols and educating the public on responsible disposal of food waste.


Monday, December 18, 2017 - Sunday, January 14, 2018

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

The current concern continues to focus on African swine fever in Poland and surrounding countries. Infected wild boars continue to be identified in the vicinity surrounding Warsaw, and the possibility of spread of the disease to the pig intensive area of eastern Poland continues to be a concern. Countries in the region are using a combination of increased hunting of wild boar along with boar proof fencing along borders to attempt to control the spread of the disease.


Monday, Nov 20 2017 - Sunday, December 17, 2017

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

African Swine Fever continues to be a major concern in Eastern Europe and Russia. Forty new cases have been found in wild boar around Warsaw, Poland, the furthest west that this disease has been seen in Poland. This has heightened concern of onward transmission to large commercial farms in western Poland and even East Germany.


Sunday, November 5, 2017 - Sunday, November 19, 2017

  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Two areas of concern show up in this month’s reports. The first is an outbreak of ASF in Belarus. Though reported in the press, there has been no official report of the disease in the interim. The lack of reporting often reflects a reluctance to put control measures in place. The second is a large outbreak in the Tyumen region of Russia. Outbreaks in Siberia have the added concern of moving within the region towards the pig dense areas in China. The borders of in this region across Russia, Khazakstan, Mongolia and China are uncontrolled in many areas.

 

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